Top Chicken Coop Tips [For your Homestead]

white hen feeding fodder in a chicken coop.

Keeping chickens generally includes providing them with a coop for various reasons. Providing the right coop and conditions inside the coop is crucial for the chickens’ health and well-being. Knowing your birds and their needs is important in providing the best coop possible to keep your flock healthy and happy.

A well-thought-out chicken coop will provide shelter, protection, stimulation, and a healthy environment for your chickens. Location, coop design, maintenance, environmental control, and security are important tips to consider when constructing the ideal coop for your chicken flock.

We will provide you with our top chicken coop tips to help you create the perfect environment for your feathered friends. From choosing the right location, building a functional coop, maintaining a healthy environment, and maximizing egg production, we’ve got you covered.

Top Tips For Chicken Coops

Owning chickens comes with its own set of responsibilities, and one of the most important things you need to consider is giving them proper housing in a suitable chicken coop.

A well-designed chicken coop provides your chickens with a safe and comfortable place to live while also protecting them from predators and keeping them happy and healthy.

Follow our tried and tested tips to ensure that your chickens have all their needs met and will be productive members of your homestead.

Tips For The Right Location For Your Chicken Coop

Evaluating your available space and keeping your climate and the needs of your chickens in mind are important factors to consider when choosing the ideal location for the chicken coop.

Selecting the wrong location can severely affect the health and safety of your chickens and lead to a less than satisfactory chicken-raising experience on your homestead.

Space For The Chicken Coop

Your chickens need enough space to move around freely and get some exercise. Choose a location that is spacious enough for your coop and run and the number of chickens you intend to keep.

Future-proofing your chicken coop for expansion is important if you intend to expand your chicken-keeping operation on the homestead. Place the coop in a location that will make expanding the space easy when needed and prevent the need to relocate the chicken coop completely.

Sunlight And Shade For Your Chicken Coop

Chickens need sunlight for natural warmth and to produce vitamin D, essential for strong bones and overall health.

While sunlight is essential, your chickens also need a shady spot to retreat to when it gets too hot outside. Choose a location with plenty of natural sunlight but ample shade in the heat of the day.

Another seasonal aspect many people do not consider is the change in the sun’s angle between the seasons. For example, you can position the coop under a tree that provides shade in summer but allows the sun to sun to shine through in winter when the tree loses its leaves.

Drainage For The Chicken Coop

Your chosen location should have good drainage to prevent water from pooling around the coop and chicken run.

Constant damp conditions in the chicken coop or chicken run can lead to the spread of disease, especially foot problems in your chicken flock.

Accessibility Of The Chicken Coop

Chickens need daily care and monitoring, so the coop must be accessible to you to enter the coop and check for problems, catch chickens, retrieve eggs, and clean the coop.

If access to the coop is difficult, you will be less inclined to perform the care and maintenance tasks, and keeping chickens will become an unpleasant part of your homestead chores.

Protect The Coop From Predators

If predators are a problem in your area, you must choose a location for your chicken coop that will be less tempting for predators to raid the coop.

Positioning the coop close to human traffic areas will deter predators from venturing too close to areas where they may encounter humans. You will be more likely to hear when a predator attacks the chickens.

Chickens are vulnerable to attack in their coop, and taking measures to keep them safe is important.

Chickens Can Be Noisy

Choose a location that is not too close to your home or your neighbor’s home, as chickens can be noisy and disturb the peace, especially if you keep roosters in your flock.

Many people underestimate how noisy chickens can be and place the coop too close to their home or the side of the house where their bedrooms are located. Roosters do not only crow at daybreak; they crow at various times of the night, which can be a problem if you are a light sleeper.

Tips For Building The Perfect Chicken Coop

Building a chicken coop requires careful planning and consideration to ensure your chickens’ needs are met and to make your chicken-raising operation successful.

Here are some essential features and tips to remember when building the perfect chicken coop.

  • Size. Your chickens need enough space to move around comfortably, so make sure your coop is large enough for your flock. A good rule-of-thumb is to allow at least 2-3 square feet of space per chicken.
  • Ventilation. Proper ventilation is essential for your chicken’s health. Ensure your coop has plenty of ventilation to allow fresh air to circulate and prevent moisture buildup.
  • Security. Your coop should be secure to protect your chickens from predators. Use sturdy materials and hardware cloth to prevent predators from digging or climbing in.
  • Nesting boxes. Your chickens need a safe and comfortable place to lay their eggs. Provide enough nesting boxes for your flock and ensure they are clean and lined with nesting material.
  • Roosting bars. Chickens like to roost at night, so provide sturdy roosting bars for them to perch on. Allow at least 8-10 inches of space per chicken.
  • Easy access. You need to easily access your coop for cleaning and maintenance. Provide easy-to-open doors and hatches, and consider installing a removable floor for easy cleaning.
  • Flooring material. Choose a flooring material that is easy to clean and comfortable for your chickens. Some good options include straw, wood shavings, or sand.
  • Lighting. Chickens need natural light to regulate their internal clock and lay eggs. Provide plenty of natural light, or consider installing a light fixture to ensure they get enough light.

Incorporating these features and tips into your chicken coop design can help create a safe and comfortable environment for your flock.

Consider your area’s climate and weather conditions when building your coop. With a little forethought, planning, and effort, you can build the perfect chicken coop for your feathered friends.

If you want to dig a little deeper, we do have a full article about best chicken coop design, as well as another giving heating and lighting tips for a chicken coop 🙂

Tips For Maintaining Your Chicken Coop

Maintaining your chicken coop is essential to keep your chickens healthy and happy. Here are our tips to help you keep your coop in good condition.

  • Clean the chicken coop regularly. Regularly clean your coop to prevent the buildup of bacteria and pests. Remove old bedding, droppings, and feathers, and scrub down the walls, floors, and nesting boxes with a non-toxic cleaner.
  • Change bedding frequently. Regularly provide fresh bedding for your chickens to keep them comfortable and prevent bacteria buildup. Consider using straw or wood shavings as bedding material.
  • Pest control in the coop. Keep your coop free from pests like mites, lice, and rodents. Use natural pest control methods in the coop, like diatomaceous earth or nematodes, or consider using a non-toxic pesticide if necessary.
  • Maintain a fresh food and water supply. One of the quickest ways disease spreads through a chicken coop is via contaminated food and water. Ensure your chickens always have access to clean food and water. Provide fresh water daily and clean out their food containers regularly.
  • Collect eggs daily. Collect eggs daily to prevent them from becoming dirty or attracting pests. Check for any cracked or damaged eggs and remove them from the coop.
  • Regular health checks. Regularly check your chickens for any signs of illness or injury. Monitor their behavior and look for any changes obvious changes.
  • Make repairs as soon as possible. Make any necessary repairs to your coop as soon as possible to protect your chickens from pests or from escaping the coop or chicken run. Check for any damage to walls, floors, or roofing and repair it promptly.

Tips For The Best Coop Environment For Your Chickens

Providing your chickens with the best possible environment is crucial to their health and happiness. Besides providing the right space, ventilation, and lighting, there are several other tips to improve the happiness and contentment of your chickens.

Remember, the happier and more content your chickens are, the less the likelihood of problems in your flock, and your chickens will be more productive.

Maintain A Steady Coop Temperature

Chickens are sensitive to temperature changes, which can bring about health problems or even sudden deaths in chickens with no apparent other cause.

The ideal maximum temperature inside the chicken coop should be 75°F or 24°C. If the temperature inside the coop gets above this threshold, you should investigate cooling solutions for the coop. Temperatures above 100°F or 38°C can pose serious health risks for your chickens.

Chickens can tolerate cold temperatures fairly well and generally do not require heating in the coop unless the temperature drops below -13°F or -25°C.

However, providing some warmth in the coop in these low temperatures will place less stress on the chickens and keep them healthier and happier.

In cold weather, frostbite can occur in chickens’ combs, wattles, and feet. Apply petroleum jelly or other protective ointments to vulnerable areas, and provide clean, dry bedding for your chickens to prevent moisture buildup.

Your chickens may require more food and water in cold temperatures to maintain their body temperature. Provide warm, nutrient-dense food, and ensure water sources do not freeze by using heated waterers or changing the water frequently.

Ensuring the coop is well insulated and provides adequate warmth in the winter and ventilation in the summer should keep heating and cooling interventions to a minimum.

Nesting Boxes In The Coop

Provide comfortable nesting boxes for your hens to lay their eggs. Line them with fresh bedding and make sure they are located in a quiet, dark area of the coop.

Chickens will be more productive if they feel comfortable and secure when laying eggs in the coop. Appropriately sized nesting boxes located in a coop section where other chickens don’t provide a disturbance are ideal.

Provide Good Roosts In The Coop

Chickens need roosts to perch on at night, and if the coop does not have suitable roosting areas, the chickens may decide to spend the night outside the coop. This can be dangerous for your flock, as they will be more vulnerable to the weather and predators

The ideal roosts should be between 2 inches and 4 inches wide, with 4 inches being the better choice.

The roosts should be away from the nest boxes to avoid disturbing broody hens. Provide roosts that are at least 2 inches wide and located away from the nesting boxes.

Provide Chicken Entertainment In The Coop

Chickens need mental stimulation to prevent boredom and stress. Bored, unstimulated chickens can become problematic with infighting and bullying other chickens simply out of boredom.

Providing your chickens with a stimulating environment in the coop, such as toys, perches, and other items to peck at and explore, will help to keep your chickens in a good frame of mind.

Tips For Keeping Predators Out Of Chicken Coops

Keeping your chickens safe from predators is an important part of raising them. We have listed some tips for coop security to help protect your flock.

  • Coop security. Make sure your coop is secure and predator-proof. Use sturdy materials, such as hardware cloth, to cover windows and openings and ensure the door can be securely closed at night.
  • Chicken run security. If you have an outdoor run, cover it with a roof or netting to prevent predators from entering from above. Use buried hardware cloth, or fencing to prevent predators from digging underneath.
  • Security lighting. Install motion-activated lighting around the coop and run to deter predators.
  • Guard animals. Consider using guard animals like dogs or llamas to protect your flock.
  • Secure feed storage. Store feed and other pest and vermin attractants in the coop in secure containers to prevent predators from being lured in by the smell of rodents and other pests.

Chickens in a coop are vulnerable to predators, especially nocturnal predators such as snakes, coyotes, foxes, weasels, and other similar wild animals.

If your chickens are constantly attacked in the coop, it will promote anxiety in the flock, and the chickens will become reluctant to use the coop. They will roost outside the coop, making them even more vulnerable to nocturnal predators.


Raising chickens can be a fun, fulfilling, profitable hobby or homesteading activity that provides many benefits, including fresh eggs, natural pest control, and companionship. However, it also requires knowledge, preparation, and dedication to ensure the health, happiness, and well-being of your chickens.

By following our top chicken coop tips, you can provide the best care for your chickens and enjoy the many benefits of healthy, happy chickens. Remember always to prioritize the health and well-being of your chickens, and with the proper care and attention, your chickens can thrive and provide many years of production.


Owen Jung

Owen is the co-founder of Our Daily Homestead. Own grew up in his parent's homestead in Illinois and learned all things gardening, sustainability, and off-grid living while he was young. He now shares his knowledge through this website.

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