Keeping Sheep On The Homestead [A GUIDE]

Have you ever considered the idea of raising sheep on your homestead? If not, it might be time to give it some thought. Keeping sheep on a homestead is second only to keeping goats on the homestead and can be rewarding and profitable. Sheep are versatile animals that can provide various products, from wool to meat and milk, making them an excellent addition to a homestead.

Sheep are a common option for smaller homesteads or beginners to the homesteading lifestyle. Sheep provide resources in the form of wool, meat, milk, and the opportunity to generate income for the homestead. Choose the breed carefully based on your goals for raising sheep.

We will investigate all the ins and outs of raising sheep on a homestead, the benefits of keeping sheep, choosing the right breed for your needs, essential care tips, and setting up your homestead to raise sheep. We will also pose some considerations to help you decide whether sheep are the right choice for you and your homestead.

Should You Keep Sheep On Your Homestead?

There are many options for raising livestock on the homestead, from chickens to cows, so what makes sheep an option you should consider?

The livestock you choose for your homestead will most likely be driven by the pasture capacity of your property. The climate where you homestead and the level of commitment you can give to your animals will also play a role in your decision-making.  

Another crucial factor is the benefit the livestock will bring to the homestead, balanced against the costs and commitment required to raise them.

Benefits Of Keeping Sheep On The Homestead

Raising sheep on your homestead can bring a multitude of benefits. Not only do these docile creatures add life to your farm, but they also provide valuable products and services that can enhance your homesteading experience.

Some of the benefits you can expect from raising sheep include the following.

Wool Production (Sheep For Wool)

One of the primary reasons people raise sheep is for their wool. Sheep wool is a versatile material that can be used in a variety of products, from clothing to home decor. Different sheep breeds produce different types of wool, varying in texture, color, and quality.

Sheep BreedWool Type
MerinoFine Wool
RomneyLong Wool
ShetlandFine Wool

If wool is your primary goal for keeping sheep on the homestead, you must select a breed known for the quality and quantity of the wool it produces. While all sheep produce wool, not all sheep wool is suitable for spinning into yarn or desirable commercially.

Raising sheep for wool on the homestead would generally be intended to produce an income for the homestead rather than provide a resource for sustainability or food security, and the breed chosen will reflect this outcome.

Sheep for Meat And Dairy Production

Many homesteaders raise sheep for their meat and milk. Lamb meat is a delicacy in many cultures, and sheep milk is rich in nutrients and can be used to make cheese and yogurt.

Sheep BreedMeat QualityMilk Yield
East FriesianGoodHigh

Raising sheep with the intent of meat and milk production requires selecting a sheep breed that maximizes these qualities. While the meat from all sheep can be a protein source on the homestead, certain breeds produce better quality meat than others.

Sheep For Weed Control And Soil Improvement

Sheep can be excellent natural lawnmowers. They graze on grass and weeds, helping to control vegetation growth on your homestead. Additionally, their grazing helps to improve soil quality by naturally fertilizing it with their manure.

Whether kept for wool, meat, or milk production, any sheep will offer the benefits of weed control and soil improvement for homesteaders.

Choosing The Right Sheep Breed For Your Homestead

Choosing the right breed of sheep for your homestead is crucial in your sheep-raising journey. Different breeds have different characteristics, and the best breed for you and your homestead will depend on your specific needs and goals.

Here are some factors to consider when choosing a sheep breed.

1. Purpose Of Raising Sheep On The Homestead

Are you raising sheep primarily for wool, meat, or milk? Or perhaps a combination of these? Different breeds excel in different areas. For instance, Merino sheep are known for their high-quality wool, Suffolk sheep are prized for their meat, and East Friesian sheep are renowned for their milk production.

2. Climate And Environment On Your Homestead

Some sheep breeds are better suited to certain climates and environments than others. For example, Icelandic sheep are well-adapted to cold climates, while Dorper sheep thrive in hot, arid conditions.

3. Level Of Care And Maintenance Required By The Sheep

Some sheep breeds require more care and maintenance than others. For instance, wool sheep require regular shearing, while hair sheep do not.

Here’s a brief overview of some popular sheep breeds and their characteristics.

Sheep BreedPurposeClimateMaintenance
MerinoWoolModerate to ColdHigh (Regular Shearing)
East FriesianMilkModerateMedium
DorperMeatHot, AridLow

There’s no one-size-fits-all when it comes to choosing a sheep breed. The best breed for your homestead will depend on your specific needs, goals, and circumstances.

Essential Sheep Care On The Homestead

Once you’ve chosen the right breed for your homestead, it’s crucial to understand the basics of sheep care. Regardless of the breed, all sheep require certain essentials to stay healthy and productive.

Sheep Housing And Shelter Needs

Sheep require shelter to protect them from harsh weather conditions. This doesn’t have to be elaborate; a simple three-sided barn or shed that provides protection from wind, rain, and sun is often sufficient. The shelter should also have good ventilation to prevent the buildup of moisture and the spread of disease.

Climates with more extreme winters require a closed barn to protect the sheep during the harshest part of the winter season, especially if you have lambs in the flock. Draughty enclosures in cold winter regions can result in your sheep becoming sick and requiring veterinary care.

Barns should not be heated and should be well-ventilated while preventing draughts from blowing directly on the sheep. Sheep can quickly fall victim to pneumonia or bronchitis if their enclosure is heated, too draughty, or lacks adequate ventilation.

The table below will give you an indication of space requirements for sheep on the homestead.

Sheep Age/SizeIndoor Space per Sheep (Square Feet)Outdoor Space per Sheep (Square Feet)
Lamb (up to 3 months)8-10200-300
Growing (3-12 months)12-16300-500
Mature (1 year and older)16-20500-700

These are general estimates, and actual space requirements can vary based on breed, health status, and management practices. The indoor space refers to the space needed in a barn or shelter, while the outdoor space refers to the grazing area needed per sheep.

Providing adequate space is crucial for the health and well-being of your sheep. Overcrowding can lead to stress, disease transmission, and poor growth rates. Always ensure your sheep have enough space to move around freely and exhibit natural behavior.

Sheep Feeding and Nutrition On The Homestead

Sheep are ruminants and primarily eat hay or grass. They also require access to fresh, clean water at all times. Depending on the breed and purpose of your sheep (meat, milk, or wool production), they may also need supplemental feed, such as grain or mineral supplements.

The type and quantity of feed the sheep need will depend on your farming methods and the available pasture on your homestead. This may vary seasonally, with you providing most of the sheep nutrition requirement in the winter. You should factor in this cost when deciding to raise sheep.

Health And Veterinary Care For Homestead Sheep

Regular health checks are essential for keeping your sheep healthy. This includes checking their body condition, monitoring for signs of illness, and keeping up with vaccinations and deworming. It’s also important to have a relationship with a local veterinarian who is familiar with sheep.

Proper care and management are key to raising healthy, productive sheep on your homestead. By providing your sheep with the right shelter, nutrition, and health care, you can ensure they thrive and provide you with valuable products for years.

How Much Space Do Sheep Need On A Homestead?

The answer to this question regarding the number of sheep you can keep will vary depending on several factors, including the breed of the sheep, their purpose (meat, milk, or wool production), and their management system (intensive or extensive).

As a general rule of thumb, you can typically keep two to three sheep per acre of pasture. However, this can vary. For instance, if you’re using an intensive management system where you provide most of the feed, you might be able to keep up to 10 sheep per acre.

On the other hand, if you’re using an extensive management system where the sheep get most of their nutrition from grazing, you might only be able to keep one sheep per acre.

It’s also important to note that sheep need more than just grazing space. They also need a sheltered area to protect them from harsh weather conditions, a space for feeding and watering, and room to exercise and exhibit natural behavior.

While ensuring you have enough space for your sheep is important, effectively managing that space is equally important. Regular pasture rotation can help prevent overgrazing and maintain the health of your pasture, which in turn supports the health and productivity of your sheep.

Setting Up Your Homestead For Sheep

Preparing your property to meet their needs before you bring sheep to your homestead is essential. The preparations to contain the sheep and provide shelter must be in place before bringing the sheep to your homestead.

Here are some key considerations you should have in place for raising sheep.

Importance Of Fencing For Sheep

One of the first things you’ll need to do is set up a secure fence. Sheep are known to be excellent escape artists, and a sturdy fence is crucial to keep them safe and contained. Fencing not only keeps your sheep in but also keeps predators out.

Shelter For The Sheep

Sheep need shelter to protect them from inclement weather and to protect them from predators. While they may not need immediate protection from the elements if you acquire your sheep in summer, they will need protection from predators unless you live in a relatively predator-free zone.

Sheep have poor night vision, making them susceptible to night predation. You must have an appropriate shelter in place before you bring your sheep onto your homestead.

Pasture Land Condition For Sheep

Sheep are grazing animals and require pasture for their diet. The size of the pasture will depend on the number of sheep you plan to raise. As a general rule, you can typically raise two to three sheep per acre of pasture. However, this can vary depending on the pasture’s quality and the sheep’s breed.

Sheep are also quite hardy and can thrive in a variety of conditions. They don’t require perfect pasture land and can happily eat grasses and weeds that grow in poor soil. This makes them an excellent choice for homesteads with less-than-ideal grazing conditions.

By taking the time to properly set up your homestead for sheep, you can ensure a smooth transition for your new flock and set the stage for a successful sheep-raising venture.

Tasks Involved With Keeping Sheep On The Homestead

Raising sheep on your homestead involves various tasks that ensure your flock’s health and productivity. Here are some of the key tasks involved in sheep farming:

  • Daily care routines. Daily care for sheep includes providing fresh water, feeding, and monitoring the health and behavior of your sheep. Regular checks can help you spot any signs of illness or injury early.
  • Shearing sheep and wool collection. If you’re raising wool sheep, shearing will be a key task. This is usually done once or twice a year, depending on the breed and the climate. Shearing provides you with wool and helps keep the sheep comfortable, especially in warmer weather.
  • Breeding and lambing. If you plan to breed your sheep, you’ll need to learn about the sheep breeding cycle, how to care for pregnant ewes, and how to handle lambing. This can be a challenging but rewarding part of sheep farming, resulting in a new generation of lambs to grow your flock.

While these tasks require time and effort, they are also part of the rewarding experience of raising sheep on your homestead. By understanding and effectively managing these tasks, you can ensure the well-being of your flock and the success of your sheep farming venture.

Making A Profit From Your Sheep

While raising sheep on your homestead can be a rewarding experience in itself, it can also be a profitable venture.

Here’s how you can make a profit from your sheep.

Selling Sheep Wool, Meat, And Milk

Depending on the breed of your sheep, you can sell wool, meat, and milk. Wool can be sold to local crafters or online, meat can be sold directly to consumers or at farmers’ markets, and milk can be used to make cheese or yogurt for sale.

Other Potential Income Sources From Sheep

Beyond the direct products of wool, meat, and milk, there are other ways to generate income from your sheep. For instance, you can sell lambs to other homesteaders or farmers.

If you have a rare or high-demand breed, breeding stock can also be a lucrative market. Additionally, agritourism, where people visit your farm to learn about and experience farm life, can be another source of income.

While making a profit from your sheep can be a great way to support your homesteading lifestyle, it’s also important to prioritize the health and well-being of your flock. A healthy, well-cared-for flock is the foundation of a successful and sustainable sheep-raising venture.


Keeping sheep on your homestead can be a  beneficial, rewarding, and profitable venture. From providing valuable products like wool, meat, and milk to enhancing your land through natural weed control and soil improvement, sheep can be an excellent addition to any homestead.

Choosing the right breed, providing proper care, and setting up your homestead to meet the needs of your sheep are all crucial steps in this journey. Whether you’re looking to diversify your homestead or a beginner eager to embark on a sheep-raising venture, these animals are a great way to learn how to raise small livestock on the homestead.



Alice is a writer who grew up on a beautiful homestead in rural Old England. She now lives in New England with her fur babies and is on a mission to return to the land for a simpler, greener, and all-round kinder existence.

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